Bergeron, L.-F. et A.-M. Parisot (2005) "Typology and critical analysis of a corpus of writing systems for signed languages", affiche présentée au 20th International Congress on the Education of the Deaf (ICED 2005), Maastricht, Pays-Bas, 17-20 juillet 2005.
Parallel to a descriptive line of research on writing systems for signed languages
(Boutora, 2003; Miller, 1994, Prélaz, 2004, etc.), some studies address,
from various angles, the problem of access to the written form of a second language
(L2) in a bilingual education setting when the oral form of this language is
not accessible and when the signed first language (L1) does not have a written
form (Cummins, 1992; Flood, 2002; Mayer & Akamatsu, 1999).
The objectives of this poster are to present, from a descriptive and theoretical perspective, a formal and functional typology of existing writing systems for signed languages along with a critical analysis of these systems.
Based on the criteria from typologies of writing systems developed for oral languages (Haas, 1976; Pulgram, 1976; DeFrancis, 1989), a typology of writing systems for signed languages will be presented. The writing systems that were looked at are, amongst others, SignWriting (Sutton, 1996), HamNoSys (Prillwitz & Zienert, 1990), Jouison (Jouison, 1989; 1990), Tilkin (Tilkin, ms) and glosses (Parisot, 2003). The typology proposed here accounts for the different types of systems (transcription and writing), for levels of representation (phonological and semantic) and for the characteristics of the chosen graphemes (aspect and layout). A critical analysis of these writing systems will also be presented according to the following variables: formal aspects of sign language (motivation and use of space), economy issues (for the reader, writer and for the inventory of symbols), compatibility issues in a bilingual setting (Coulmas, 1989).